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Black children have higher risk of dying after surgery comparef to their white counterparts

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A new study states that African-American patients are more than three times at higher risk of post-operative death, compared to their white peers.

The study, published in the Journal Paediatrics and involving 172,549 children shows the racial disparities in health outcomes even when comparing healthy children. According to the researchers led by Olubukola Nafiu, being African-American is strongly associated with with a higher risk of post-operative complications and mortality, even among apparently healthy children. “Mechanisms underlying the established racial differences in post-operative outcomes may not be fully explained by the racial variation in preoperative comorbidity,” the researchers said. The researchers said among 172,549 apparently healthy children, the incidence of 30-day mortality, postoperative complications, and serious adverse events were 0.02 percent, 13.9 percent, and 5.7 percent, respectively.

“Compared with their white peers, African American children had 3.43 times the odds of dying within 30 days after surgery (odds ratio: 3.43; 95 percent CI: 1.73–6.79). “Compared with being white, African American had 18 percent relative greater odds of developing postoperative complications (odds ratio: 1.18; 95 percent CI: 1.13–1.23) and 7 percent relative higher odds of developing serious adverse events (odds ratio: 1.07; 95% CI: 1.01–1.14),” the researchers said. Adding, the researchers said despite ongoing improvements in surgical care and apparent rarity of post-surgical mortality, racial and ethnic disparities in post-operative morbidity and mortality remain significant and persistent. “That African American patients have poorer health outcomes than their white peers is not novel. Several investigators have shown that African American patients of all age groups are more likely to suffer post-surgical complications and die after surgery than their white peers. “Several putative mechanisms including poverty, lack of access to health care and other resources, biological predisposition, and a higher preoperative comorbidity burden among Africa American have been used to explain the frequently observed racial disparity in health care outcomes.

“Our findings are distinctive because the outcomes of inpatient surgery among apparently healthy patients have rarely been described, and our study is the first used to evaluate the impact of race on post-surgical outcomes in apparently healthy children.

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Miley Cyrus announces release date for her new album.

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Miley Cyrus recently announced her new album Plastic Hearts and it has taken over social media. This album is super personal and pays tribute to some of her biggest music inspirations.

Announcing the new album, Miley revealed that it would drop on November 27, 2020. Miley has paid tribute to the likes of Blondie and the Cranberries on this album as well as many issues that fall close to home, like the 2018 California wildfires. Taking to social media to make the announcement, Miley expressed the emotion and rawness behind this album. Miley sent some mad love out to her fans for making this album and her entire career possible. Reading this post reflects all that Miley has put into this album and gives fans the opportunity to understand and appreciate the process that much more. I began this album over 2 years ago. Thought I had it all figured out. Nature did what I now see as a favour and destroyed what I couldn’t let go of for myself. I lost my house in a fire but found myself in its ashes.

In triumph and gratitude, I present to you my 7th studio record, Plastic Hearts. To be released Nov. 27th 2020.”

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